Attorneys practicing in and around the Chicagoland area. Experienced in the practice areas of Real Estate Law, Mortgage Foreclosure Defense Litigation, Social Security Disability, Business Law, & Estate Law.

 - Attorneys practicing in and around the Chicagoland area. Experienced in the practice areas of Real Estate Law, Mortgage Foreclosure Defense Litigation, Social Security Disability, Business Law, & Estate Law.

12 Facts You Need to Know About Social Security

Retired Couple on Social Security

In this post, we list 12 facts you need to know about Social Security. These will help you understand more about the program and its future.

12 Facts About Social Security

  1. Social Security is not bankrupt
  2. Congress will not reform Social Security anytime soon
  3. Some funding reforms are taking shape
  4. Politicians do not “raid the fund”
  5. Many believe it can work better
  6. You may be taxed on your benefits
  7. It is not intended to be your sole income
  8. Purchasing power is decreasing
  9. You can work and collect Social Security
  10. Social Security has gone digital
  11. It is not just a retirement program
  12. Most receive more back than they put in

 

Social Security is not bankrupt

Social Security AdministrationCurrently, the Social Security trust funds are near an all-time high. “The program really is in good shape right now,” says David Certner, AARP’s legislative policy director. “But we know it has a long-term financial challenge.”

For decades, Social Security collected more money than it paid out in benefits. The surplus funds were invested in Treasury securities. Now the trust fund reserves are worth about $2.89 trillion.

Ss the birth rate has fallen and a huge wave of baby boomers retire, the ratio of workers to Social Security recipients is changing. This year is a tipping point: The program will need to dip into its reserves to pay full benefits from this point forward, absent any change to the program.

It is now forecast that the trust fund reserves could be exhausted in 2034. Even if that happens, Social Security won’t be bankrupt. The program will continue to pay benefits but at a rate of 79 percent of what recipients expected to receive.

If the goal is to keep benefits at their current levels, the sooner funding issues are addressed, the better.

 

Congress will not reform Social Security anytime soon

There have been several members of Congress that have proposed addressing long-term funding issues. Given the current political divide, however, it is unlikely that Congress makes any effort to reform Social Security until there is more bipartisan support.

 

Some funding reforms are taking shape

Loan Modifications and WorkoutsOne funding proposal suggests to either raise or eliminate the wage cap on how much income is subject to the Social Security payroll tax.

In 2019, that cap will be $132,900, which means that income beyond that is not taxed. By removing the cap, higher-income earners would contribute far more to the system.

Other options include either raising the percentage rate of the payroll tax or raising the age for full retirement benefits.

 

Politicians do not “raid the fund”

A common myth about Social Security is that either Congress or the president can use Social Security funds to pay for programs such as education, defense or economic programs. That is not accurate.

Any money remaining after the Social Security Administration pays benefits and expenses is invested directly into U.S. Treasury securities. The government can use the money from those securities, but it must pay back the money with interest.

 

Many believe it can work better

Property Tax Assessment - CalculatorThe Social Security Administration has more than 60,000 employees and 1,200 field offices nationwide. The agency has struggled to keep up with the rapid increase in the number of retirees seeking benefits.

“There aren’t enough resources to take care of all the people now, and another 10,000 people turn 65 every day,” says Max Richtman, CEO of the National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare says.

A recent audit showed that the average wait time at field offices increased 32 percent between 2010 and 2017, for example. During that same time, the number of visitors who must wait over an hour to be seen at as office nearly doubled.

 

You may be taxed on your benefits

If you have income in addition to your Social Security, you may have to pay federal taxes on your benefits. Single filers whose combined annual income exceeds $34,000 might pay income tax on up to 85 percent of their Social Security benefits; couples filing jointly may pay tax on up to 85 percent if their combined income tops $44,000.

13 states tax Social Security benefits depending upon differing variables: Colorado, Connecticut, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont, and West Virginia.

 

It is not intended to be your sole income

End of Life PlanningThe Social Security Administration says if you have average earnings, the program’s retirement benefits will replace only about 40 percent of your preretirement wages.

Despite this, 26 percent of those 65 and over who receive a monthly Social Security benefits live with families that depend on it for almost all of their retirement income. 50 percent of them say their families depend on Social Security for at least half of their income.

 

Purchasing power is decreasing

Each year, the SSA issues a cost-of-living adjustment, which is an annual adjustment that beneficiaries receive to help their monthly checks keep up with inflation.

Unfortunately, the formula used to calculate the cost-of-living adjustment does not fully account for the medical costs of the average older American. These costs have been increasing much faster than other expenses.

The average American 55 and older spend about 27 percent more annually on health care than the overall population, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

 

You can work and collect Social Security

Beware online wire transfer fraudYou can have a job and collect Social Security, but the agency will withhold some of your benefits if you are younger than full retirement age and your earned wages exceed a certain limit.

In 2019, the threshold on your earnings will be $17,640. Make more than that, and the government will temporarily withhold $1 from your benefit for every $2 earned over the cap.

You will receive this money later on in the form of higher benefits when you hit your full retirement age. If you wait until full retirement age to start drawing Social Security, you can work as much as you like and your benefits will not be reduced.

 

Social Security has gone digital

The Treasury Department has moved away from mailing out paper checks in favor of electronic payments. The SSA has set up an online portal called My Social Security, where you can track your benefits. You are encouraged to visit the website and set up an account. This helps prevent scammers from setting up an account in your name and trying to steal your benefits.

 

It is not just a retirement program

Social Security Retirement Couple

There are four main types of Social Security benefits: retirement, disability, dependent and survivor. Sometimes a person can qualify for more than one of these, but Social Security generally will only pay one benefit at a time to a person.

When filing for benefits, make sure to ask about eligibility for other benefits. If there is a change in your family status, such as the death of the breadwinner, you should inform SSA of their death and ask if you or other family members will be eligible for any additional survivor or dependent benefits.

 

Most receive more back than they put in

Studies have shown that most people receive more in benefits than they paid into the program. Married couples are more likely to get back more than they contributed than single people, and both low-income and high-income people may receive more dollars from the program over a lifetime than the amount of money they contributed to it.

 

This post is based on the article “12 Top Things to Know About Social Security” written by Kenneth Terrell and originally published in AARP Bulletin.

 


* Advertising Material: To the extent that the information in this post is interpreted as attorney advertising in accordance with the Illinois Rules of Professional Conduct or within the meaning of state bar rules from all other localities, this statement is made pursuant to those rules.

Specialties: Specialization claims are prohibited by Illinois Supreme Court Rules and we do not claim to be specialists. The content of this e-mail is organized and presented for the sole purpose of general information. None of the included content should be construed as legal advice. Viewing this e-mail or e-mailing the account holder does not create an attorney-client relationship. NOTICE: This page may be considered advertising material.


 

The Law Offices of Lora Fausett P.C. provides estate law services including estate planningliving trustprobatesocial security disability, and more.

Located in Glen Ellyn, Illinois and serving clients in DuPageCookKane, Will, and Kendall Counties.

For Information Call 630-858-0090


How to Maximize Social Security Benefits for Surviving Spouses

 Retirement Benefits

This story originally ran in Chicago Tribune:

Retirement: How to maximize Social Security benefits for surviving spouses

Many retirees know that spouses can coordinate their claims to boost their total benefit payout from Social Security.

But many may not realize that if they are widowed before claiming benefits, they may also have options to maximize Social Security by coordinating the timing of claims for their own retirement benefit and a survivor benefit.

Unfortunately, the Social Security Administration isn’t likely to fill them in on this strategy.

A report this year by the Social Security Administration’s Office of the Inspector General found that 82 percent of surviving spouses taking benefits could have received a higher monthly benefit by restricting their application to survivor benefits only and delaying their retirement benefits up to age 70.

Related Post: How Much Will I Get From Social Security if I Make $100,000?

Social Security AdministrationAs a result, the Social Security Administration underpaid about $132 million to more than 9,000 beneficiaries age 70 and older, and it will underpay about 2,000 more beneficiaries who are under age 70 about $9.8 million annually once they reach age 70, according to the report’s projections.

While changes in the law a few years ago affected strategies for coordinating spousal benefits, those changes didn’t affect survivor benefit strategies.

“You do still have the option to take one benefit and delay the other benefit,” says James Mahaney, vice president of strategic initiatives for Prudential Financial.

 

Social Security Retirement CoupleSurviving spouses need to consider whether they can maximize benefits by taking the survivor benefit first and later switching to their own benefit or by taking their own benefit first and then switching to a survivor benefit.

You can claim a survivor benefit as early as age 60 (age 50 if disabled), but it is reduced if claimed before the survivor’s full retirement age.

It won’t grow past the survivor’s full retirement age — the most a surviving spouse receives is 100 percent of the benefit the deceased spouse received or was eligible to receive at his death.

But the survivor’s own retirement benefit — which can be taken as early as 62 at a reduced amount — can grow beyond her full retirement age. Each year she delays her own retirement benefit past full retirement age, her benefit grows 8 percent a year up to age 70.

Once you figure out which benefit could grow the largest, you’ll likely want to delay that benefit. Be aware, the benefit amounts and the age you claim will make a difference.

 

Example

End of Life PlanningLet’s say a widow at her full retirement age is due a $2,000 survivor benefit or her own benefit of $1,800.

With a full retirement age of 67, she could earn 24 percent in delayed-retirement credits if she takes her own benefit at age 70.

She could claim a reduced survivor benefit worth $1,430 a month as early as age 60 and take that until she switches to a boosted benefit of her own at age 70, worth $2,232 a month.

If she lives to age 90, she would receive a total of $707,280 in benefits. (All totals exclude annual cost-of-living adjustments.)

If she instead takes her own reduced monthly benefit at 62 worth $1,260 and then switches to the full monthly survivor benefit of $2,000 at age 67, her total payout by age 90 would be $627,600.

That’s about 11 percent less than the first scenario, in which she earned the delayed-retirement credits.

 

(Rachel L. Sheedy is editor of Kiplinger’s Personal Finance magazine. Send your questions and comments to moneypower@kiplinger.com. And for more on this and similar money topics, visit Kiplinger.com.)

(c) 2018 Kiplinger’s Personal Finance; Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.

This story originally ran in Chicago Tribune and was written by Rachel L. Sheedy, Kiplinger’s Personal Finance

Walking on beach image by Max Pixel

 


* Advertising Material: To the extent that the information in this post is interpreted as attorney advertising in accordance with the Illinois Rules of Professional Conduct or within the meaning of state bar rules from all other localities, this statement is made pursuant to those rules.

Specialties: Specialization claims are prohibited by Illinois Supreme Court Rules and we do not claim to be specialists. The content of this e-mail is organized and presented for the sole purpose of general information. None of the included content should be construed as legal advice. Viewing this e-mail or e-mailing the account holder does not create an attorney-client relationship. NOTICE: This page may be considered advertising material.


 

The Law Offices of Lora Fausett P.C. provides estate law representation, including power of attorneyliving willsprobate law services, trusts, wills, and more.

Located in Glen Ellyn, Illinois and serving clients in DuPageCookKane, Will, and Kendall Counties.

For Information Call 630-858-0090


End of Life Planning – The Essentials

End of Life Planning

An unexpected medical diagnosis can leave a person in shock.

It can also leave a person realizing that their end of life planning is not in order and they may not have as much time as they thought to complete it.

When that happens, here is what we recommend:

 

Seek professional help

It might seem outside of your comfort zone, but seeking the help of a mental health professional for guidance could be helpful to you. It could also help your family as well.

 

Get financial documents in a single place

Social Security Retirement CoupleIt’s important to begin getting your financial documents together. We recommend you gather them all in a single place and put them together in an easy to get to a location such as a three-ring binder.

This will save your relatives the struggle of trying to find all the information they need.

Start by getting your will. If you don’t have one, make a list of your assets: financial accounts, real estate, and any retirement accounts.

A will is the best way to ensure your assets get distributed to the person you want them to. Without specifying your wishes, there can be family disputes and even court cases. Property distribution is best spelled out in a will

 

Choose your beneficiary

Loan Modifications and WorkoutsOne of your first tasks should be designating your beneficiaries on your financial accounts.

It may be basic but it is more powerful than a will. It can save time and money for your assets going through probate.

Your brokerage will let you attach transfer-on-death instructions to your non-retirement account. Transfer-on-death deeds can also be used in real estate in Illinois.

After you have designated beneficiaries, detail your liabilities, for example, mortgage, loans, credit card debt, and insurance policies for health, home, and vehicles.

Create a contact list of people your family can reach out to for help. This should include your lawyer, accountant, insurance agent and financial advisor. Write down the name and contact information of everyone who needs to be involved.

Even if you already have an estate plan, it is a good idea to consult with an attorney experienced in estate planning. In the time since you made your estate plan, laws may have changed or even your financial goals or beneficiaries.

 

Decrease the tax burden

Cook County Property Tax AssessmentsThere are ways that you can decrease the tax burden on your beneficiaries.

One way to leave money to heirs is through a Roth individual retirement account.

Another is a brokerage account because any capital gains tax will be wiped out due to the step-up in basis on the original price paid.

Here is how this works: If the owner sells a stock that has gained in value, they would have to pay capital gains based on that higher price. If the owner leaves that stock to an heir, the new owner receives the stock at the new price. They will only have to pay taxes on any gains in price after that point, not the original price.

If some asset has dipped significantly in value, though, you might consider selling the stock, mutual fund or ETF. As the original owner, you can deduct the losses by selling and deducting the loss. Your heirs are not able to take this step-down since they’d inherit the stock at a new, lower basis.

If you are older than 70½, take any required minimum distribution from your retirement accounts. Heirs may not know to do this, and there is a significant penalty for not taking it.

Another way to minimize taxes for your inheritors is through charitable donations. While your heirs would have to pay tax on the money in a retirement account, a charity would not.

 

Paying off a mortgage

Property Tax Assessment - CalculatorMany people consider paying off a home mortgage, but because individual circumstances vary greatly, this is not always the best course.

Consider the amount of funds available, the current tax bracket and the size of the mortgage balance. It would be a good idea to have a financial planner run several scenarios to see how you can minimize the tax hit from withdrawing a large sum from a traditional IRA or 401(k) plan – or if you should leave it as a loan to be transferred to your heirs.

 

Have a record of password for your heirs

Collect all of your passwords in your binder with your financial records. Include a copy of the previous year’s tax return. When a final tax return is prepared, there might be some carryover items, such as long-term alternative minimum tax or long-term gains buildup.

List all service agreements, such as landscaping, utilities, cleaning and insurance, and auto payments. Arrange for their continuation or cancellation.

Keep track of your pension and Social Security benefits, since there could be survivor benefits that flow from those.

Other areas to consider in your binder: arrangements for your pets and talking to the financial aid office if you have a child in college. You’ll want to inform them of your change in financial status.

 

Source: When end-of-life planning is suddenly a lot closer than you thought by Jill Cornfield for CNBC

 


The Law Offices of Lora Fausett P.C. provides excellent legal counsel in the areas of estate law, including estate planning, living wills, living trust, probate, power of attorney, letters of office and more.

Located in Glen Ellyn, Illinois and serving clients in DuPage, Cook, Kane, Will, and Kendall Counties.

For Information Call 630-858-0090

 


How Much Will I Get From Social Security if I Make $100,000?

Social Security Retirement Couple

The Social Security program is the biggest provider of retirement payments in the United States.

Unfortunately, many people heading towards retirement have little understanding of how Social Security works or how much they will receive in benefits.

In this post, we offer you a rundown of how much a six-figure earner can expect from Social Security, and also an explanation of how the benefit-calculation process works so you can apply it to your situation.

 

About Social Security Benefits

How is Social Security calculated?

Social Security AdministrationThe Social Security Administration (SSA) keeps a record of your earnings from every year of your working lifetime, up to the annual taxable earnings cap.

When calculating your social security benefits, these annual earnings figures are all indexed for inflation, and the 35 highest years are averaged together.

This average is divided by 12 to determine your average indexed monthly earnings or AIME. If you don’t have 35 years of Social Security-covered earnings, zeros will be used in determining the average for the missing years.

Once your AIME has been calculated, it’s applied to a formula to determine your primary insurance amount (PIA), or your Social Security benefit if you claim at your full retirement age. For 2018, the formula is:

  • 90% of the first $895 in AIME
  • 32% of the amount greater than $895, but less than $5,397
  • 15% of the amount above $5,397
  • It’s important to note that the formula in effect in the year you become eligible (age 62) will be used, regardless of when you actually claim your benefits.

Finally, your benefit will be permanently adjusted if you claim benefits before or after your full retirement age.

Depending on your full retirement age, your benefit can be permanently reduced by as much as 30% if you claim as early as possible, or it can be permanently increased by as much as 32% for waiting until age 70, the latest claiming age.

 

Social Security with a $100,000 average income

Because Social Security benefits are based on 35 years of your earnings, there is no way of knowing what your benefits will eventually be because you’re earning $100,000 right now.

Having said that, let’s calculate a Social Security benefit for someone who averages $100,000 in inflation-adjusted earnings throughout their entire career. We’ll assume this person turns 62 in 2018 so that we can use this year’s benefit formula.

An annual income of $100,000 for your entire career translates to AIME of about $8,333 per month. According to the Social Security formula for 2018, this worker’s primary insurance amount, or PIA, will be $2,686.54.

Workers turning 62 in 2018 have a full retirement age of 66 years and four months, so our hypothetical $100,000 earner would need to wait until this age to receive this entire benefit amount. If they decide to claim right away at age 62, their benefit will be reduced to about $1,970 per month.

Here’s a chart of how much a career $100,000 earner would be entitled to if they claimed Social Security at various ages:

As you can see, the age at which a $100,000 earner decides to start collecting Social Security makes a big difference.

It’s important to point out that these benefits would all be increased by any cost-of-living adjustments, or COLA, that occur between now and when benefits are initially claimed.

For example, if this person claims their retirement benefit next year at age 63 and there’s a 2% COLA given in 2019, the benefit in the chart would be increased by that percentage.

 

How could this change by the time you retire?

Loan Modifications and WorkoutsIf you’re still many years away from retirement, then it is important for you to take this information with a big grain of salt.

Social Security may be in a solid financial situation currently, but it could deteriorate rapidly over the next 15 years or so. Some sort of reforms will be required to fix the program for the long term.

Now, there’s no telling what form the eventual fix will take. It could end up being a simple tax increase, which could keep the Social Security benefit structure exactly how it’s discussed here. On the other hand, some form of benefit cut, such as an increase in the full retirement age, is also a possibility.

The bottom line is that if you’ll be reaching Social Security age in the near future, this discussion should be pretty accurate when it comes to your situation. Beyond that, however, there likely will be some changes.

Original Source: The Motley Fool

 


The Law Offices of Lora Fausett P.C. provides legal services including social security disability, estate planningmortgage foreclosure defense, and more.

Located in Glen Ellyn, Illinois and serving clients in DuPageCookKane, Will, and Kendall Counties.

For Information Call 630-858-0090